Historical Place in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is an independent country located in South-East Asia. It is bordered by India and Bay of Bengal and little bit Burma. Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh, located in the heart (center) of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is small country, but it’s very rich in its historical site.
Mosques: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh, that is why it has a importance. Dhaka is known as the city of mosque. There are thousands of mosques all over the city. Most of these mosques are very old. These are very beautiful and have a historical value. The seven mosques (it was build in 17th century). Baitul Mukarram Mosque (The national mosque of Bangladesh). Star Mosque (it was build about 200 years ago). Chawk Bazar Mosque and Husaein Dalan Mosque.
Hindu Temples: Bangladesh is a Muslim country, but there are many people live who belong other religion. Dhaka is not only famous for the mosques, but the city bears witness to the existence of rich Hindu culture that flourished till the arrival in phases of the Muslim conquerors. There are so many temples in Dhaka, and these are telling us the Hindu’s story. The temple that is not only bears historical interest but it still a place of worship. There is a famous temple called by Dhakeshwri Temple, this temple build in 11th century. Ramkrishna Mission temple.
Churches: Dhaka has a cultural value. Many cultures and religions passed through the banks of river Buriganga and left its marks in the city of Dhaka. Christian people also live in Dhaka. And the churches bear the witness to the arrivals of the Christians. Among these, The Armenian Temple (it was built in 11th century). St. Mary’s Cathedral situated at Ramna. Holy Rosary Church at Tejgaon (1677 A.D.)
Lalbagh Fort: The Muslim rulers were built many building forts, that was the symbol of strength and protection. Mughal emperor Aurangozeb’s son Mohammad Azam built the Lalbagh Fort, in 1678. The fort bears the history of bloody battle during the first war of independence. This building has a great attraction for tourists.
Lalbagh Fort also has some other important buildings, include the tomb of Pari Bibi, lalbagh mosque, audience hall and Hammam of Nawab Shaista Khan, and it’s now housing a museum. The Lalbagh Fort area is beautiful area with full of green trees. In front the Fort, u can see a beautiful lake with some beautiful shower.
Martyred Intellectual Memorial: This Memorial has a great historical value. The Martyred Intellectual Memorial situated at Mirpur, Dhaka. The memorial was built to remember the intellectual peoples who were killed in 1971, in the liberation war. They were killed by Pakistani army just two days ahead of the victory day. It was a great sorrow for Bangladeshi people.
Central Shaheed Minar: This place is the symbol of Bengali Nationalism. On 21st February in 1952, Dozens of students sacrificed their lives for the language. This monument was built to commemorate the martyrs of language movement. Every year on 21st February, thousands of people visit the place with floral wreaths and bouquets. We all Bengali people remember them with lot of respect and love.
Bahadur Shah Park: Dhaka is the city of crowd. About 15 million people live here. Bahadur Shah Park built to commemorate the martyrs of the first liberation war at the site where revolution spays and their civil compatriots were publicly hanged.
Ahsan Manzil: It is located on the banks of Buriganga River. It was the official resident palace and seat of the Dhaka Nawab family. This Manzil bear the heritage of culture. The Ahsan Manzil now a museum.
National Assembly: Jatiyo Shangshad Bhaban (Parliament House) at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar. Its construction was started in 1961, under the Pakistani government. The government of Pakistan wanted to be a federal legislature complex for both East Pakistan and West Pakistan. They wanted a rare design for it. It was designed by famous architect Louis Khan. It is one of the most attractive architectural monuments in the twentieth century. The architecture used lot of geometrical shapes to give a great view from outside. The construction of this monument was completed in 1982. Total area of the complex is about 200 acres. For its great design, this complex won the Aga Khan Award.
National Poet’s Grave: Kazi Nazrul Islam the national poet of Bangladesh. He is known as a rebel poet for his great poetry. He was died on 29th August 1976. The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka University Central Mosque.
National Museum: The National Museum was built Dhaka in 1913. It was renamed as the national museum, when it was shifted to its new building at Shahabag in 1983. It is a four storied building. It has forty galleries under four departments. Four departments divided by namely Natural History, History and Classical art, Ethnography and Decorative art and Contemporary Art and world civilization.
National Memorial at Savar: The National Memorial at Savar, Dhaka is a symbol of the nation’s respect for the martyr’s of the war of liberation. It is built with concrete, but made of blood. Its stands 150 feet tall, but every martyr it stands for stands so much taller. A national competition was held for the design of the project in June 1978. About 57 design was submitted, from those Syed Mainul Hossain’s design was chosen.
Monument complex is spread over an area of 34 hectares (84 acres) wrapped around by a green belt of 10 hectares (24.7 acre). The main monument is composed of seven isosceles triangular planes each varying in size in its height and base. The highest one has the smallest base while the broadest base has the lowest height.
The main tower of the monument is 150 feet. This unique arrangement of the planes has created a structure that seems to change its configuration when viewed from different angles. The main monument built was by concrete and all the other structures and pavement of the complex are made of red bricks.
There is a lake, and several mass graves in front of the main monument. From the main gate one can see the monument axially, but to reach there one has to walk through different levels of red pavements and cross a lake – all these representing the struggle for independence.
Old High Court Building: Old High Court Building was built for the British Governor. This building illustrates a fine blend of European and Mughal architecture. This beautiful building is situated north of the Curzon Hall of Dhaka University.
Sonargaon: It is far about 29 kilometer from Dhaka city. Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals of Bengal. It was established in 13th Century. At present, a folk arts and craft museum runs here.
PaharPur: Paharpur is small village of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. It is far away about 5 kilometer west of Jamalganj. It is one of the most important and the largest known monastery. The archeologist find an area about 27 acres, in 8th century. The design is like a pyramid. There was a quadrangular court, measuring more than 900 feet. There are 45 cells on the north and 44 in each three sides South, East and West.
There are total 177 rooms. These rooms were used to as the living room of Buddhist people, who were live here for their religion task. It was influenced by those of South East Asia. In 1957, a museum built there for contains of objects recovered from the area.
The museum was decorated with terracotta plaques, images of different gods and goddesses, potteries, coins, inscriptions, ornamental bricks and other minor clay objects. It has been declared as world heritage site by UNESCO.
Mahasthangarh: Mahasthangarh, is the one of the oldest archeological site in Bangladesh. It is situated on the western bank of the river Karotoa. It is far away about 18 kilometer north from Bogra town. Visitors can easily be reached by the Bogra-Rangpur Highway. Several isolated mounds surround the fortified city-side, which bear the beautiful culture of Hindus. Every year on mid April and once every twelve years in December, thousand of Hindu people gather here from around the country for a bathing ritual. It has a historical value.
Mahasthangarh Museum: Mahasthangarh Museum, the collection a wide variety of antiquities, ranging from terracotta objects to old ornaments and coins. It is located at the site of Mahasthangarh.
Navaratna Temple: Navaratna Temple is one of the most ornate among the mediaeval temples of Bangladesh. It is located in the Kantanagar near Dinajpur town. It was built by the Maharaja Pran Nath of Dinajpur, in 1752. It was a Navaratna Temple. The temple designed with four richly ornamental corner towers on two storeys and a center one over the third storey.
Dighapatiya Rajbari: Natore is a District in the division of Rajshahi. It is the old seat of the Maharaja of Dighapatiya. Now the place used as the Uttara Ganabhaban (the official northern region residence of the President of the republic). The palace has a large spacious ground surrounded by a fine moat. The palace has a beautiful guest house, and a very imposing gateway and beautiful garden and the garden decorated with statues of white marble.
Tajhat Rajbari(palace): Tajhat is a historical place of Bangladesh. It is situated near Lalbag, Rangpur. This place is about 10 minutes drive from Rangpur town. It has a huge and beautiful Jamidar Bari (Palace). The palace in Tajhat, locally known as Tajhat Rajbari, it was built by Maharaja Kumar Gopal Roy, in 20th century. Professionally he was a jeweler. It is said that from the conspicuous appearance of his taj his estate derived the name of Tajhat. This palace turned into a museum in 2005.
World War 2 Cemetery: The warrior’s of Second World War graveyards are in this Cemetery. There are 755 graves in these graveyards; there are those great warriors who died in world war two from 1939 to 1945 in Chittagong areas.
Among these graves, over 700 graves of soldiers who came from British, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, Myanmar, East and West Africa, Netherlands and Japan, and they were died in the Myanmar. Every year a hundreds of tourist come here to visit this Cemetery, and pay respects that were laid their lives in World War 2.
Shilaidaha Kuthibari: Shilaidah kuthibari located far away about 20 kilometer from Kusthia town. It is a beautiful mansion, where the great poets Rabindranath Tagore stay for a long. He came here in connection with administration of his Zamidari and enriched Bengali literature through his writings. Rabindranat Tagore was visits this place. From that time this place used as a historical place and every year thousands of people visit this place.
Sagordari: Our celebrated poet Micheal Modhusudan Dutta was born here. He is our first modern poet of Bengali literature. He was made Sonnet for Bengali literature. Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation has built a rest-house and other tourist facilities in the place. Now the place considered as a great tourist sports.
Trishal: The national poet of Bangladesh, Kazi Nazrul Islam’s innumerable boyhood memories are found around there. It is Situated 20 kilometer far away from Mymenshingh town. Kazi Nazrul Islam was a student of Darrirumpur High School. For commemorate our great poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, here a cultural organization established Nazrul Academy. Every year many people visit the place.
Chandranath Hindu Temple: It is far away about 37 kilometer far from Chittagong City. The Temple is famous for its creativity. The temple is one of the oldest Temple in this subcontinent. This Temple was built by Hindu Raja Chandranath. There is also a Buddhist Temple. This Temple has a footprint of Lord Buddha. These places particularly the hilltops are regarded as a very sacred by the Hindus and Buddhist. A famous festival is celebrated here in every year. From around the country thousands of pilgrims assemble here for celebration. There is also a place for visit. It is a hot-water spring. It is far About 5 kilometer north from Shitakunda.
Mujibnagar Memorial: it is situated about 7 kilometers far from the Meherpur town. There was built a beautiful memorial. The beautiful memorial dedicated to the first revolutionary government of Bangladesh that was declared in Meherpur on 14 April 1971 during the liberation war. The first government of Bangladesh, and it was held for politically help in liberation war.
The shrine of Hazrat Shah Jalal: Hazrat Shah Jalal (R.A.) is great Muslim saint. It is said to have the message of Islam to the region in the early 14th century. He was brought to us the message of Islam. His shrine is situated at Dargah Mahalla in the middle of Sylhet town. There is another shrine in Sylhet. Hazrat Shah Paran shrine, it is about 6 kilometers away far from Hazrat Shah Jalal shrine. Hazrat Shah Paran is nephew of Hazrat Shah Jalal. He was also a great Muslim saint.