Bangladesh’s position in the Global Peace Index has slipped 14 steps and ranked at 105, down from last year’s 91, among the 162 countries.
According to the index, prepared by the Institute for Economics and Peace, Bangladesh is in a better position than India, Pakistan and Myanmar. India is ranked at 141th position. In the previous year, its position was 142th. Pakistan has slipped to 157th position, from previous year’s 149, Sri Lanka has slipped to 110th position, from previous year’s 103rd, and Myanmar has slipped one notch to 140.
About Bangladesh the report said, Political instability and terrorist activity have weighed on the scores of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
“The political environment in Bangladesh became less stable in the current round of scoring and the country’s peace indicators took a hit from increased terrorist activity. Ongoing war tribunals, wherein senior political figures have been charged with atrocities committed in the 1971 war of secession with Pakistan and secular groups have demanded tougher punishments for those convicted, have led to frequent violent street clashes between the police and supporters of the political leaders. Along with this, the campaigns of violence by terrorist groups have also led to increased instability.” it added.
IEP prepared the index to measure the relative position of nations’ peacefulness.
According to IEP, the world has become a less peaceful place in 2013.
Despite financial turmoil of recent years, Iceland has topped the list, thanks largely to its political stability, low homicide rate, and small prison population. The top of the list was littered with Western European nations that have long been peaceful; Denmark, Austria, Switzerland, Finland, Sweden and Belgium all made it to the top 10. In the 6th place, with stringent laws on possession of firearms and good neighbourly relations, is Japan.
At the other extreme, Afghanistan continues to languish in 162nd position, despite a drop in the number of people killed as a result of internal conflict, refugees and displaced people.
The country fared particularly badly on the ‘political terror scale’—an indicator that uses Amnesty International and the US Department of State’s Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, to evaluate levels of political violence and terror.
Somalia narrowly beat Syria to 161st place, in this year’s table. Other countries that were considered amongst the most violent and unstable were Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan and, less frequently cited, Russia. Several of these countries were also characterised by high levels of bloodshed within their territories.
This year’s report reinforces a longer term pattern they have noted: since 2008 levels of peace have fallen by 5 per cent.
Overall, they found that 110 states have become less peaceful, and that 48 have become more so.
Source: Taza Khobor